Age of the universe

Many people are under the false impression that carbon dating proves that dinosaurs and other extinct animals lived millions of years ago. What many do not realize is that carbon dating is not used to date dinosaurs. Carbon dating is only accurate back a few thousand years. So if scientists believe that a creature lived millions of years ago, then they would need to date it another way. But there is the problem. They assume dinosaurs lived millions of years ago instead of thousands of years ago like the bible says. They ignore evidence that does not fit their preconceived notion. What would happen if a dinosaur bone were carbon dated? The age they came back with was only a few thousand years old. This date did not fit the preconceived notion that dinosaurs lived millions of years ago.

Radiation Measurement

Updated 8 January c Introduction In a related article on geologic ages Ages , we presented a chart with the various geologic eras and their ages. In a separate article Radiometric dating , we sketched in some technical detail how these dates are calculated using radiometric dating techniques. As we pointed out in these two articles, radiometric dates are based on known rates of radioactivity, a phenomenon that is rooted in fundamental laws of physics and follows simple mathematical formulas.

Dating schemes based on rates of radioactivity have been refined and scrutinized for several decades.

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The Oldest Living Thing: The oldest living thing on earth is either an Irish Oak or a Bristlecone pine. If we assume a growth rate of one tree ring per year, then the oldest trees are between 4, and 4, years old. Also, with regard to fossil tree rings, the author has been unable to find any documented instances of fossil trees having more than about rings. This is significant since we are told that God literally made the Earth, and all that is in it, only about years before the Noachian Flood described in the Book of Genesis.

In a Bristlecone Pine tree was discovered that has just over 5, tree rings. Helium in the Atmosphere: Helium is a byproduct of the radioactive decay of uranium as it decays into various different elements into its final stable element: As it decays, the helium not only accumulates in the rocks themselves, but also escapes from them and accumulates in the earth’s atmosphere.

They also know how much helium is currently in the atmosphere. If we use the same assumptions that radiometric dating experts make: Thus, after several hundred revolutions they disintegrate. Although some people claim that the Kuiper belt has been discovered, to this author’s knowledge that is not the case.

Measuring the Age of a Star Cluster

Outlook Other Abstract U-Pb radioisotope dating is now the absolute dating method of first choice among geochronologists, especially using the mineral zircon. A variety of analytical instruments have also now been developed using different micro-sampling techniques coupled with mass spectrometers, thus enabling wide usage of U-Pb radioisotope dating. However, problems remain in the interpretation of the measured Pb isotopic ratios to transform them into ages.

The Mirror Technique. This method is an effective way to enhance your visualization skills and prepare you for out-of-body exploration. 1. Begin by placing a full length mirror in the room you have selected for out-of-body exploration.

Academically gifted, Peter displayed an uncanny affinity for science that was nothing short of genius. Socially, however, he was painfully shy and the target of much cruelty by his peers at Midtown High School. Attending a public science exhibit when Peter was years old, he was bitten on the hand by a radioactive spider accidentally irradiated by a particle beam, empowering Peter with the arachnid’s proportional strength and agility, and the ability to cling to almost any surface.

Most incredibly, he had gained a sixth sense that provided him with early warning of impending danger. Disguised, Peter tested his new-found abilities defeating professional wrestler Crusher Hogan in the ring, and earning some cash. Using his scientific prowess, he constructed a pair of artificial web-shooters that attached to his wrists.

With an agent, a costume, and a new name, Spider-Man became an overnight sensation on television. Unconcerned with the rest of the world, he vowed to use his powers only to take care of himself and his aunt and uncle. After his first TV special ended, he allowed a burglar that he could have easily restrained to run past him and escape. A few days later, Peter returned home to find his beloved Uncle Ben had been shot and killed.

Age of Earth, Age of Universe & Role of Radiometric Dating Methods

CEO of Siren Dating, artist, boundary crosser, optimistic pragmatist The History of Online Dating From to Now Always on the lookout for ways to exploit media for their own ends, aristocrats in the s used personal ads to broadcast their interest in romantic engagements that seem scandalous by today’s standards. Has the Internet really revolutionized dating? Or is hijacking tech for love and sex just what humans do?

But these hyperbolic pronouncements miss a deeper fact: At its core, “online dating” isn’t something we just started doing 5, 10 or even 20 years ago.

Are you ashamed to be called a “creationist”? If you’re taking cues from certain Intelligent Design (ID) proponents, you might feel like the label “creationist” is a label to avoid at all costs.

And that will prove that the definition of the gram was inspired by cosmic mind-energies. Of all the odd things the Universe continues to reveal, what reason would anyone have to presume that everything should interact with electromagnetic radiation? ChH ghoppe, I agree with the sentiment. You could say that is how many stars we may be possibly be aware of. Just bog standard scientific admission of the limits of our understanding.

We need to relax our tendency to want to postulate that we know all the stuff of the cosmos already. I presume you are talking about neutrinos. Neutrinos have sound physical theory Standard Model and direct detection to back up their existence. What is observed is a source of gravitational attraction that clusters around galaxies and is concentrated at their core.

Which happens to be precisely what would be expected of a gas of massive weakly-interacting particles, which we could very easily have failed to detect directly, so some people like that idea. Ron Dark matter is a hypothesis. The dark matter hypothesis is pretty well accepted, but not entirely by any means. Astrophysicists say what they think, they never pronounce dogmatically from on high, and should never be read as if they are.

Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth (RATE)

The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years.

We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods. We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous.

Radiometric Dating. How radiometric dating works in general. Why methods in general are inaccurate. Why K-Ar dating is inaccurate. The branching ratio problem.

Confirmation of Stellar Evolution Models Star clusters provide us with a lot of information that is relevant to the study of stars in general. The main reason is that we assume that all stars in a cluster formed almost simultaneously from the same cloud of interstellar gas, which means that the stars in the cluster should be very homogeneous in their properties.

This means that the only significant difference between stars in a cluster is their mass, but if we measure the properties of one star age, distance, composition, etc. In reality, some stars in the cluster form earlier than others, but compared to their lifetimes, the spread in their formation times is small and can be ignored. We also assume that the stars in a cluster are all the same distance away from us.

Again, there is in fact a spread in distance, but, in most cases, this spread is much smaller than the distance to the cluster, so it can be ignored. For example, the outermost stars in the globular cluster M13 are about 50 parsecs from the center of the cluster, but the cluster is about 7, parsecs away from us. Finally, we assume that the chemical composition of all of the stars in a particular cluster should be very similar because the cloud of gas from which they formed is expected to have been well mixed, so the individual cloud fragments that formed individual stars should all have contained the same mix of elements and molecules.

When stars form out of a molecular cloud, very high mass stars perhaps up to about times the mass of the Sun all the way down to low mass, brown dwarf objects about 0. Observations of newly formed populations of stars have shown us that very few high mass stars form, while many low mass stars form.

Beyond the Solar System

Several Christian ministries promote the idea that the earth is less than 10, years old, which they say comes from the Bible. In reality, the Bible makes no claim as to the age of the earth, although it does establish a minimum age. This page examines some of the history of the controversy—what the Bible actually says and does not say—and the scientific evidence surrounding the age of the earth.

The Age of the Earth Strengths and weaknesses of radiometric and other dating methods. See also the discussions on Dating a Young Earth and Biblical Earth Dating.

Design, and Theistic Creationism, only one of which can reflect reality. Six quotations that illustrate the great gulf in beliefs concerning origins of the earth and its life forms: The National Center for Science Education posted a notice about an annual celebration of evolution: Michael Zimmerman, the initiator of the project, writes, ‘Evolution Weekend is an opportunity for serious discussion and reflection on the relationship between religion and science.

One important goal is to elevate the quality of the discussion on this critical topic — to move beyond sound bites. A second critical goal is to demonstrate that religious people from many faiths and locations understand that evolution is sound science and poses no problems for their faith’. The state has a state bird, flower, fish, tree, spider, amphibian, reptile, fruit, and 20 others, but no state fossil. She suggested the woolly mammoth because part of a fossil of this species was first discovered in the state.

K-Ar dating calculation